If applicable, begin this part of the section by repeating what you consider to be your most significant or unanticipated finding first, then systematically review each finding. Info on abstracts from APA manual: Write in clear and vigorous prose.
Also mention any followup questions which arose as a result of your work, and possible further experiments that could or should be conducted.
On the following line, write a summary of the key points of your research. You should frame your suggestions by linking the need for further research to the limitations of your study [e. There is no need to make your questions bold or to differentiate them from the answers in any other way, unless your teacher has requested that you do so.
In this case, you would be able to conclude that the drug caused the difference in memory ability; it impaired it.
Do not introduce new results in the discussion section. See the example reference section. In the experiment, he conditioned them to salivate on the cue of a bell. When referring to groups, try to use descriptive labels.
Klein,Methodology section. You can do a Q and A format paper in the same way. For example, if you claim that 3rd variables might affect your correlations, tell me what they are and how they would affect your correlations.
For a journal reference, italicize the title of the journal and the volume number. In fact, expertise with IM predicted lower scores on the comprehension test.
The main contributor s of the source often the name of the author is placed before the date and title. Be direct, clear, and professional. Indicate what the levels of the independent variables were, and whether the factor s were repeated, matched, or independent.
The rest of the pages should not include this in the page header. Abstract The abstract page is Page 2. Be as brief as possible. You can only use wording that implies causality if you actually manipulated the independent variable i.
Bibliography Definition The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being investigated, and to explain any new understanding or insights about the problem after you've taken the findings into consideration.
Only include in-text, or parenthetical citations, for these sources.
Tables and figures should be able to stand alone i. In doing so, you should relate the results to the theories you introduced in the Introduction. Give a brief explanation about why you believe the findings and conclusions of your study are important and how they support broader knowledge or understanding of the research problem.
Do they support or disconfirm them. Write out the full name of the group in all parenthetical citations Example: Don't wildly speculate, however. The discussion section should end with a concise summary of the principal implications of the findings regardless of significance.
Double space the text. However, our data contradict this explanation. The final paragraph usually contains a statement which clearly and explicitly states why the study was performed, such as The purpose of this study was to Always answer with complete sentences unless your teacher has informed you otherwise.
In cases where the reader would expect something to be significant and it is not, you should address the issue. The exception is for pronouns as they should begin with a capital letter. McGraw-Hill No contributor information Sometimes you will come across sources with no contributor information.
However, do not offer recommendations which could have been easily addressed within the study. Since correlation doesn't say much about causality, we could only conclude that there is a relationship between drug use and memory ability.
Indeed, every discussion should include a "humility" section that addresses the study's limitations, write Cone and Foster. But avoid beginning the discussion with a long list of study limitations, says Nolen-Hoeksema. Leave that to the Discussion.
Note: Be sure to underline all abbreviations of test statistics (e.g., M for mean and SD for standard deviation). See pages of the APA manual for more on reporting statistics in text. Indeed, every discussion should include a "humility" section that addresses the study's limitations, write Cone and Foster.
But avoid beginning the discussion with a.
Writing the Discussion. The discussion section is a framing section, like the Introduction, which returns to the significance argument set up in your introduction. Leave that to the Discussion. Note: Be sure to underline all abbreviations of test statistics (e.g., M for mean and SD for standard deviation).
See pages of. Writing an Empirical Paper in APA Style with your instructor if you are not sure what is required. Using APA Style Manuscripts submitted for publication in American Psychological Association (APA) journals must use APA Discussion. Each section of the paper requires at least one sentence in the abstract.
Methods and Results.How to write a discussion section apa style